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The Ultimate Guide to Grow SUMMER VEGETABLES in Urban India

Growing summer vegetables at home can be a rewarding experience. With a little effort and know-how, you can turn your balcony or terrace garden into vegetable paradise. In summers, it’s recommended to go for varieties like tomatoes, chilli peppers, cucumbers, okra(lady finger), eggplant (brinjal), bitter gourd (karela), and bottle gourd (lauki) that can endure the warm climate. These plants will survive the scorching heat and give a good harvest. Let’s go through a guide to grow summer vegetables in your kitchen garden.


Soil Preparation : Let’s start with soil preparation. Prepare the soil with care, ensuring it’s well-drained, loose, and fertile. Mix in generous amounts of manure or vermicompost to provide essential nutrients for your plants.

Sunlight Requirement :
All these plants require sunlight ideally for 6-7 hours per day for proper growth. In case plants receive more sunlight than this, then shade nets can be used to provide some shade.

Watering :
Water vegetable plants regularly, especially during hot summer days. It is essential to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. These plants should be watered in the early morning or late afternoon to reduce water evaporation and prevent fungal diseases.

Fertilization :
Feeding plants with a balanced fertilizer or organic compost every few weeks to promote healthy growth and fruit production is necessary.


  • Tomato: Tomato Plants require phosphorus replenishment from time to time for fruit formation and root development. Feed you tomato plants with Rock Phosphate which is an organic alternative to bone meal fertilizer. Additionally use Seaweed Liquid or Seaweed granules to help in more flowering and bigger size of produce.
  • Chilli Peppers: Feed you chilli peppers with Potassium to enhance its yield and fruit quality.
  • Cucumbers: To ensure that your plants have vigorous growth even during summers supplement both macro and micro nutrients. Use a balanced NPK fertilizer for macronutrients and Seaweed fertilizer for secondary nutrients.
  • Okra (Bhindi): Use Cow Manure which will help in providing essential nutrients as well increase water holding capacity of the soil.
  • Eggplant (Brinjal): During the flowering phase use Potash fertilizer to increase the flowering in plant which will lead to higher yield.
  • Bitter Gourd (Karela): Use seaweed fertilizer during flowering season to provide balanced nutrients to the plants and enhance produce production. Seaweed Liquid fertilizer gives immediate nutrient availability to the plant whereas, Seaweed granules is a slow release fertilizer which breaks down over a period of time and improves soil structure as well.
  • Bottle Gourd (Lauki): Use any balanced NPK and during the flowering phase use Potassium rich fertilizer for increased flowering in plant. Tip: Train both karela and Lauki creeper on a trellis to improve fruit quality and airflow, and mulch to retain soil moisture. 

Pest Control : Timely check these plants for pest infestation as it might get attacked by mealy bugs, aphids, cucumber beetles, fruitworms, spider mites, etc. Use Neem oil spray for preventive measure once in 10-15 days. This will help in building the immunity of the plant as well. And in case of infestation – prune the severely infected branch and spray Neem Oil all over the plant including under the leaves.  Ensure that you are using a high quality Neem Oil which contains 200 PPM at least to be effective.


Support and Pruning : Some summer vegetables like tomatoes, cucumbers, Bitter Gourd etc may require support structures such as trellises, stakes, or cages to keep them upright and promote proper air circulation. Prune overcrowded or diseased plant parts to maintain plant health and productivity.


We hope these guideline will help you get your desired vegetables this summer in your terrace garden or balcony. Enjoy a bountiful harvest of fresh and nutritious summer vegetables grown right at home.


Happy Gardening!




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